Most people prefer to stay in their own home for as long as possible. When planning to receive <a class="glossaryLink " title="Glossary: Long-Term Care" href="http://longtermcare find more information.gov/glossary/long-term-care/” data-cmtooltip=”Services and supports necessary to meet health or personal care needs over an extended period of time.”>long-term care in your home there are many things to consider including:
- The condition of your home
- Whether it can be modified, if necessary, to accommodate a wheelchair or other devices/equipment
- The availability of long-term care services in your area, such as adult day care or nearby medical facilities
- How “aging-friendly” your community is—does it offer public transportation, home delivered meals and other needed services?
- Tax and legal issues
It’s wise to think now about how your current residence and community will support your needs as you age and require long-term care services.
In-home and community services can help you live at home longer. The following are some of the services and supports that may be available in your area:
- Convenient and affordable public transportation
- Someone to drive you on errands and to appointments
- Help with housing and yard chores
- Help with personal care
- Home Delivered Meals
- Senior Center where you can socialize and exercise
- Adult Day Care centers
Typical Home Modifications
Modifications can make your home or apartment safer and allow you to stay there longer. An important component to staying at home is avoiding falls. One of the goals of home modification is to increase your chances of avoiding a fall, especially in the bathroom. Typical changes needed as you age include:
- Entryway ramps to accommodate wheelchairs or walkers
- Bathroom safety grip bars and walk-in or roll-in showers
- Medical alert system
- Lever style door and sink handles
- Improved lighting and night lighting
- Wider doorways for wheelchair access
- Stairway chair lifts
- Bathroom and bedroom on the first floor of a multi-story home to accommodate someone unable to climb stairs
- A separate apartment for a relative or renter in exchange for assistance when you need it
Do you qualify for financial help?
There may be state and local programs that provide low-interest loans or grants to help you pay for home modifications or home repairs. If you are age 60 or older, check with your local Area Agency on Aging to see whether you qualify for home modification and repair funds from Title III of the Older Americans Act.
Modifying your rented residence
You may need to talk with your landlord about the types of modifications you can make and whether you, or your landlord, will be responsible for the costs. Landlords are required to allow you to make reasonable modifications to accommodate your needs. If you have questions, consult your local Area Agency on Aging for more information.
Assistive devices are tools, products, or equipment that can help you perform daily tasks and activities independently in your home and community. Some of the simplest assistive devices are kitchen and self-care tools such as a reacher (a tool that helps you get objects that are out of your reach).
Other devices are designed to help you communicate, such as:
- Voice amplification tools
- Voice recognition tools
- Cueing and memory aids
- Software such as word prediction programs
Tools that help you move or walk are called mobility assistive devices and include walkers, wheelchairs, and scooters.